Drug Crimes / Narcotic Offenses in Miami

Miami Drug Crime Defense Attorney

Are you, a friend, or a loved one charged with a criminal drug offense? Being arrested for a drug offense is serious and can have lifelong consequences. The first thing one must remember when being arrested for a drug crime is how important it is to exercise your right to an attorney and your right to remain silent.  These rights, typically called Miranda Rights, are a very powerful tool because, once they are invoked, law enforcement MUST stop all interrogation.

It cannot be stressed how important these rights are because law enforcement is not your friend if they are arresting you, and no matter how much they will try to make it appear like they “only want to help,” anything you say to them will be used against you in court.  Similarly, the right to any attorney, which is an equally powerful right, must be exercised upon your arrest.  When one invokes their right to counsel, all interrogation by law enforcement outside the presence of an attorney is strictly prohibited.  Of course, when invoking these rights, one must do so in such a way that law enforcement will clearly understand as that is the best way to ensure it will take effect.

Potential Penalties

Even though drug offenses range from being misdemeanors (the least serious), to felonies (the most serious), an arrest for any drug crime has serious lifelong consequences.  Indeed, the possible penalties for drug crimes may include imprisonment ranging from one day to as much as LIFE, heavy fines, the forfeiture of property, and periods of probation. Many drug crimes also carry mandatoryminimum sentences.  In Florida state drug cases, such mandatory minimum sentences include prison terms of 3, 7, 15, and 25 years.  In Federal drug cases, such mandatory minimum sentences include prison terms of 5, 10, 20 and LIFE.

In addition to these legal penalties, a drug conviction can have other serious consequences.  A drug conviction will affect employment opportunities as most employers run background checks before hiring and often do not even give persons with criminal records a chance for an interview much less employment.  In addition, under Federal and Florida law, one convicted of a Felony Drug Offense may no longer possess and/or purchase a firearm. Worse, in Florida, one convicted of a Felony Drug Offense may also no longer vote as convicted felons in Florida are strictly prohibited from voting.  A drug conviction of any degree or level can have serious consequences on one’s ability to receive financial aid for post-secondary education, and it may impact an individual’s ability to keep or obtain a license such as a professional license (doctor, lawyer, teacher, law enforcement). A criminal conviction, especially a felony conviction, even though totally unrelated to the practice of any profession, may impact the ability to hold that license, and may result in a revocation.

State drug offenses are investigated and prosecuted by the local sheriff, local police departments, the Florida Department of Law Enforcement, the Florida Highway Patrol and the State Attorney’s Office.  Federal Drug offenses are investigated and prosecuted by various agencies, including the FBI, DEA, Homeland Security, ATF, and the Department of Justice.

Four Basic Categories of Drug Offenses

Drug Possession/Drug TraffickingPossession is the actual or constructive possession of a controlled substance unless such controlled substance was lawfully obtained from a practitioner or pursuant to a valid prescription or order of a practitioner while acting in the course of his or her professional practice.  A possession of a large amount of drugs may result in a charge of drug trafficking which carries much stiffer penalties than drug possession.  Some examples of manufacturing cases we have handled include:

  • Possession of Cocaine
  • Possession of Marijuana
  • Possession of Hash Oil/Hashish
  • Possession of Cannabis
  • Possession of Heroin
  • Possession of Crack Cocaine
  • Possession of Prescription Medications (Oxycodone, Xanax, Adderall, etc.)
  • Possession of Methamphetamine
  • Possession of MDMA or Methylone (Molly, Ecstasy)
  • Possession of Bath Salts (Flakka, Gravel)
  • Possession of Ketamine “Special K”
  • Possession of LSD
  • Possession of Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV)
  • Possession of Benzodiazepines
  • Possession of Amphetamines
  • Possession of Ethylone (also known as 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylcathinone and MDEC, bk-MDEA)
  • Possession of Butylone (also known as β-keto-N-methylbenzodioxolylbutanamine and bk-MBDB)

Possession with the Intent to Distribute and DistributionPossession with the Intent to Distribute and Distribution is the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer from one person to another of a controlled substance, whether or not there is an agency relationship.  Some examples of possession with intent/distribution cases we have handled include:

  • Possession with Intent/Distribution of Cannabis
  • Possession with Intent/Distribution of Heroin
  • Possession with Intent/Distribution of Cocaine
  • Possession with Intent/Distribution of Crack Cocaine
  • Possession with Intent/Distribution of Methamphetamine
  • Possession with Intent/Distribution of MDMA and Methylone (Ecstasy, Molly)
  • Possession with Intent/Distribution of Bath Salts (Flakka, Gravel)

Possession with Intent/Distribution of Prescription Medications (Oxycodone, Xanax, Adderall, etc.). of a controlled substance unless such controlled substance was lawfully obtained from a practitioner or pursuant to a valid prescription or order

Drug ImportationDrug Importation is when one sells, purchases, manufactures, delivers, or brings into the State of Florida, or the United States, or who is knowingly in actual or constructive possession of certain weights of certain substances.  Some examples of drug importation cases we have handled include:

  • Trafficking Cocaine
  • Trafficking Heroin
  • Trafficking MDMA and Methylone (Molly, Ecstasy)
  • Trafficking Crack Cocaine
  • Trafficking Prescription Medications
  • Trafficking Methamphetamine
  • Trafficking Cannabis
  • Trafficking Bath Salts (Flakka, Gravel)

Drug ManufacturingDrug manufacturing is the production, preparation, packaging, labeling or relabeling, propagation, compounding, cultivating, growing, conversion or processing of a controlled substance, either directly or indirectly.  Manufacturing can be by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis.  Some examples of manufacturing cases we have handled include:

  • Cultivating/Growing Marijuana
  • Production of Methamphetamine
  • Production of Crack Cocaine
  • Packaging Heroin
  • Packing Cocaine
  • Packaging MDMA and Methylone (Molly, Ecstasy)
  • Packaging/Labeling Prescription Medications
  • Pressing Pills
  • Adding Cutting Agents to Drugs
  • Production of LSD
  • Production of Hash Oil
  • Possession of Drug Paraphernalia

Call a Top-Rated Criminal Firm — (305) 770-6550!

Attorney Paul Petruzzi has over twenty-two years of experience defending clients charged with drug offenses.  He has represented persons charged with, or under investigation for various drug offenses in Florida and around the United States.  It is important for one to hire an experienced attorney when faced with these types of drug charges.  Attorney Paul Petruzzi’s knowledge and expertise in this field of law is a vital asset to anyone charged with these crimes. Call today for a free consultation.

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